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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 147-156

Long-term trends in child and youth injury mortality in Taiwan, 1989-2007

1 Department of Health Care Administration, Chung Hwa University of Medical Technology, Tainan, Taiwan
2 School of Public Health, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan
3 Institute of Injury Prevention and Control, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan
4 School of Public Health; Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan
5 Center for General Education, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan
6 School of Public Health, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei; Institute of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health, Ministry of Labor, Taiwan
7 School of Public Health, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei; Environmental Protection Administration, Taiwan
8 School of Nursing, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Republic of China

Correspondence Address:
Yu-Tien Chang
No. 161, Section 6, Min-Quan East Road, Neihu District, Taipei 114, Taiwan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1011-4564.163822

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Background: Injuries are the leading causes of death and contribute greatly to morbidity in children. Our study examined injuries' age and gender-specific variations over time among children 0-19, from 1989 to 2007. Materials and Methods: Numbers of deaths caused by injury are drawn from Taiwan's official Vital Statistics System. Mortality was age-adjusted to the US 2000 standard population. Temporal trends were analyzed by linear regression. Results: Both genders' annual mortality rates and proportional mortality ratios of unintentional injuries declined significantly during 1989-2007. Conversely, an increasing trend of intentional deaths occurred. In general, during 1992-2007, increasing the rates of suicide deaths in ages 10-19 and of homicide deaths in ages 0-9 occurred. Boys had more suicide deaths than did girls. Conclusions: Unlike unintentional injuries, intentional injuries increased over the 1989-2007 period. Deaths in the subgroups of ages 0-19 and categorized by genders were caused by varying injuries.

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