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Comparing the efficacy of ultrasound-guided supraclavicular brachial plexus block with or without intercostobrachial nerve block for forearm surgeries - An observational study

 Department of Anaesthesia, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Neeta Santha,
Department of Anaesthesia, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmedsci.jmedsci_41_22

Background: Supraclavicular block is a commonly used block for regional anesthesia in forearm surgeries. The rationale behind this study is to prove that ultrasound (USG)-guided supraclavicular block is sufficient to provide adequate analgesia and eliminates the need for an intercostobrachial (ICB) block for forearm surgeries. Aim: We aimed to find whether there is any additional advantage in performing ICB block along with supraclavicular brachial plexus block in forearm surgeries. Methods: In this study, 110 patients undergoing elective forearm surgeries under USG-guided supraclavicular block were observed. A block solution of 30 ml was made and 20 ml was given as supraclavicular block. Group ICB, received an additional 10 ml ICB nerve block (ICBN) and group Non-ICB who did not receive an additional block. The outcomes assessed were intraoperative and postoperative tourniquet pain scores, hemodynamic changes, the onset of sensory and motor block, sensory and motor scoring, postoperative rescue analgesia time, and patient satisfaction. Data were analyzed using SPSS 25.0 version. Results: The mean intraoperative and postoperative pain scores in the group ICB was 0.76 ± 1.677 and in the non-ICB was 0.69 ± 1.439 and was no significant. Furthermore, there was no statistically significant difference between the immediate and late postoperative pain scores between the two groups. Conclusion: Our study has concluded that a sole USG-guided supraclavicular block provides adequate anesthesia of the operated forearm. Additional blocking of the ICBN does not affect the incidence or course of tourniquet pain.


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