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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 1: Sulforaphane diminished cytokines level, oxidative stress, and neutrophils recruitment in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and lung tissue homogenates. (a) Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid samples were examined with concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1 β, macrophage inflammatory protein 2, H2O2, and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances. (b) Levels of myeloperoxidase, protein carbonylation, and glutathione from the right middle lung tissue were determined by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. *indicates the significant difference with the control group (P < 0.05), # indicates the significant difference with the control + dimethyl sulfoxide group (P < 0.05), indicates the significant difference with the ventilator-induced lung injury group (P < 0.05)

Figure 1: Sulforaphane diminished cytokines level, oxidative stress, and neutrophils recruitment in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and lung tissue homogenates. (a) Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid samples were examined with concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1 β, macrophage inflammatory protein 2, H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub>, and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances. (b) Levels of myeloperoxidase, protein carbonylation, and glutathione from the right middle lung tissue were determined by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. *indicates the significant difference with the control group (<i>P</i> < 0.05), # indicates the significant difference with the control + dimethyl sulfoxide group (<i>P</i> < 0.05), indicates the significant difference with the ventilator-induced lung injury group (<i>P</i> < 0.05)